It used to be we had a deal. Professionals ran society for the bourgeoisie, and the bourgeoisie rewarded them handsomely for it.
“Cetology” reminds the reader that Melville came before Darwin. Ishmael tries to make sense of the diversity of whales, and he can only rely on the work of naturalists who lacked a theory of evolution to make sense of the mammalian features on what looked like fish.
The problems identified by Ekdahl and others include inadequate testing of the Orca system; a top-down infrastructure run out of Boston, instead of the nimble decentralized effort one might have expected from a campaign that praised the virtues of decentralized government; incorrect password information distributed to campaign volunteers; backup systems that failed as comprehensively as the primary system did; and unclear, or even inaccurate, instructions distributed to volunteers.